India 4th highest emitter of CO2

India 4th highest emitter of CO2

According to the GCB, the projections for 2018 put emission growth in India at 6.3% this year over 2017 followed by 4.7% rise in China and 2.5% in the US. "The peak in global Carbon dioxide emissions is not yet in sight", the report said.

Frank Bainimarama, prime minister of Fiji and president of last year's Cop climate talks, said nations must act now to stave off disaster.

China continues to remain the largest emitter of the world, with its emissions in 2018 likely to reach 10.3 billion tonnes, an increase of 4.7 per cent from previous year.

The study warned that the global emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil fuels and industry are projected to rise for the second consecutive year in 2018, by more than 2 per cent to a new record, mainly due to sustained growth in oil and gas use.

Lead researcher Professor Corinne Le Quere, from the University of East Anglia, said: "We are seeing a strong growth of global carbon dioxide emissions once again". "We are not seeing action in the way we really need to".

Rapid deployment of solar and wind power, along with gains in energy efficiency, have been outpaced by growth in demand for freight, personal transport, shipping, and aviation, the research showed.

The damage caused by coal, oil and gas pollution is "outrageous", she said.

"The Paris Agreement is fatally flawed because it raises the price of energy for responsible countries while whitewashing some of the worst polluters", said Trump, referring to a global deal on the environment drafted in Paris in late 2015. Most of that growth can be traced to an exceptionally hot summer and cold winter.

While the largest changes this year came from China and India, Democrats are urging the United States to play their part in decreasing emissions.

"According to IPCC (Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change), to limit warming well below 2 degree Celsius, CO2 emissions should decline by about 20 per cent by 2030 and reach net zero around 2075; to limit warming below 1.5 degree Celsius, CO2 emissions should decline by 50 per cent by 2030 and reach net zero by around 2050..."

China increased its emissions to 11.4 billion tons, while the USA jumped to a shade under 6 billion tons.

The European Union is set to see a small decline in 2018, and will account for about a tenth of the total.

This year's growth in emissions has been attributed to the strong economic growth. Though China's per capita emission is higher than the global per capita emission, India's per capita carbon footprint is much below the global average.

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